The Ark of the Covenant
2. The Sinai Covenant and Priesthood Ex 25:22 The ‘Mercy Seat’ of the Ark of the Covenant is accessible only to Moses and Priests [Ex 28:43]. 3. The Priestly Authority to clean people of their sins. Lev 4: 26,31,35 The priest makes atonement for the sins of the repentant sinner. [Lev 5:13/6:7] Lev 5:4-6 Confession of sins by Mouth and the Atonement of Sins. Lev 16:29-30 An Assigned Date for Penance and Atonement of Sins by Priests are Perpetual Statute.
4. Even though the sin has been forgiven there is still a punishment due for that sin.
2 Sam 12:13-14 David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die. Howbeit, because by this 5. The Necessity of Public Confession of Sins Num 5:7 Public confession of sins and the sinner must restore wrong things done and do the appropriate penance for them. Neh 9:2-3 The Israelites confessed their sins and the sins of their fathers (Intercession for the Dead) publicly. Only then, they read the book of law and worshipped God. [Penitential Rite-Scripture Readings-Adoration] Sir 4:26 God tells us not to be ashamed to confess our sins, and not to try to stop the current of a river. [Anyone who has experienced the Sacrament understands the import of this verse] Bar 1:13ff The people made confession in the House of the Lord, before the entire assembly.
The Risen Jesus forgives the Doubting Thomas by Corbould
NEW TESTAMENT: 1. The Confession of Sins before others is an Historical Practice. Mt 3:6 Here it is done to St. John the Baptist. [Mk 1:5] 2. Only God can Forgive Sins [Mk 2:7/Lk 5:21] Jesus Forgave Sins as a Man: Mt 9:2/ Mk 2:10-12/ Lk 5:24-25 Jesus healed the paralytic. Also see Lk 7:47 The forgiveness of the sinful woman who anointed Jesus with perfume from alabaster jar. 1 Tim 2:5 Christ is the only Mediato between God and men. 3. Jesus gave the Apostles the power to forgive sins. Jn 20:21 Jesus sends His Apostles as He was sent by the Father. Jn 20:22 The Lord empowered the Apostles by ‘breathing’ on them the Holy Spirit. Jn 20:23 Jesus gave them the power to forgive and not to forgive sins. 4. The Power to Bind and to Loose does not only remove sins but also the power to remit the Penalty of Sins [i.e., Indulgence]. Mt 16:19 Jesus gave to St. Peter the Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven with its power to bind and to loose. Mt 18:18 The Apostles were given the authority to bind and to loose as well, even though the power of the key is reserved to Peter alone. * If Christ’s ministers can forgive the eternal penalty of sin, they can certainly remit the temporal penalty of sin, which is called Indulgence. 5. Priest forgives sins In Persona Christi. 2 Cor 2:10 St. Paul forgives in the person of Christ. 2 Cor 5:18 God has given to Apostles the Ministry of Reconciliation. 2 Cor 5:19 Christ had committed to the Apostles the word of reconciliation. 2 Cor 5:20 The Apostles are Ambassadors for Christ. Jas 5:15-16 [v.15] Priests forgives sins in the Anointing of the Sick. [v.16] James admonishes Christians to confess their sins to one another, in reference to the priest mentioned in v.15.
Jesus and the Penitent Woman
THE NECESSITY AND PRACTICE OF ORALLY CONFESSING SINS Jas 5:14-16 Confession is done to fellow man, not just directly to God. – This refers to the healing power [physical and spiritual] of the Priests of the Church. Acts 19:18 The converts Confessed and divulged their sinful practices. 1 Tim 6:12 This refers to the apostolic practice of confessing both faith and sins in the presence of many witnesses. [NIV/NRSV/NAB] 1 Jn 1:9 Confession of sin is a conditio sine qua non for God to forgive us of our sins. 1. The Mortal and Venial Sin · There is a distinction between MORTAL and VENIAL sins. This has been the teaching of the Catholic Church since Apostolic Time, but, unfortunately Protestants have abandoned that teaching in favor of their newly invented doctrines. · Mortal sins lead to death and must be absolved in the sacrament of reconciliation. · Venial sins do not have to be confessed to a priest, but the pious Catholic practice is to do so in order to advance in our journey to holiness. 1 Jn 5:16-17 St. John made the distinction – Sin unto death and Sin not unto death. Lk 12:47-48 The Lord Jesus, Himself, testified that there are varying degrees of culpability. Those who knew the will of the Lord and didn’t do it will receive greater punishment. Mt 5:19 Jesus taught that breaking the least of the commandment will only make one least of the Kingdom of Heaven.
St. Peter Holding the Keys of Heaven